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Lysis of human chondrosarcoma cells by cytolytic T lymphocytes recognizing a MAGE-A3 antigen presented by HLA-A1 molecules.

journal article

Bluman E.M., Coulie P.G., Xiaojuan S., J. Machan, Lin C., Meitner P.A., Block J.A., Terek R.M.
J. Orthop. Res., 25 (2007), 678-684.

Treatment of chondrosarcomas is limited to resection because these tumors are unresponsive to standard adjuvant treatments, such as chemotherapy and radiation. We have previously shown that high-grade chondrosarcomas express unspecified members of the Melanoma Antigen (MAGE) gene family. We show here that FS human chondrosarcoma (FS) cells express MAGE-A3 gene and HLA-A1 molecules. In vitro assays show that a cytolytic T-lymphocyte clone (CTL) specific for a MAGE-A3 peptide presented by HLA-A1 specifically lysed FS chondrosarcoma cells. Addition of antigenic peptide did not increase the susceptibility of FS cells to CTL mediated lysis, suggesting that HLA-A1 expression by the chondrosarcoma cells limited their susceptibility to lysis by the anti-MAGE-A3 CTL clone. Incubation of FS cells with 50 U/mL interferon-gamma increased surface expression of HLA class-I molecules, increased their susceptibility to lysis, and had no effect on MAGE-A3 gene expression. These results suggest that immunotherapy targeted against chondrosarcoma cells is possible. (c) 2007 Orthopaedic Research Society.

URL: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/114114058/abstract?CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0

Pub Med: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17290408

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