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MicroRNA-155 modulates the interleukin-1 signaling pathway in activated human monocyte-derived dendritic cells.

journal article

Ceppi M, Pereira PM, Dunand-Sauthier I, Barras E, Reith W, Santos MA, Pierre P.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Feb 24;106(8):2735-40. Epub 2009 Feb 4.

In response to inflammatory stimulation, dendritic cells (DCs) have a remarkable pattern of differentiation (maturation) that exhibits specific mechanisms to control immunity. Here, we show that in response to Lipopolysaccharides (LPS), several microRNAs (miRNAs) are regulated in human monocyte-derived dendritic cells. Among these miRNAs, miR-155 is highly up-regulated during maturation. Using LNA silencing combined to microarray technology, we have identified the Toll-like receptor/interleukin-1 (TLR/IL-1) inflammatory pathway as a general target of miR-155. We further demonstrate that miR-155 directly controls the level of TAB2, an important signal transduction molecule. Our observations suggest, therefore, that in mature human DCs, miR-155 is part of a negative feedback loop, which down-modulates inflammatory cytokine production in response to microbial stimuli.

URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2650335/?tool=pubmed

Pub Med: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19193853

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